Understanding inappropriate hospital admissions of patients presenting to the Emergency Department.


Abstract


Objectives. To identify 1) the characteristics of patients receiving non acute (inappropriate) care and 2) the variables associated to inappropriate hospital use, in order to 3) estimate the relevance of the problem and to 4) focus future concurrent reviews and efforts to allocate patients to alternative health care settings.

Design. A prospective review of a random sample of adult patients who presented to the Emergency Department of the Molinette Hospital. Patients were assessed at admission and on day 3, 5and 8 using the Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (Italian validated version). Patients: 490 overall; 312 (64 %) medical and 178 (36 %) surgical.

Outcome measures. Acute (appropriate) and non acute (inappropriate) admissions, Major Disease Category, costs, mean weights of Diagnosis Related Groups, and length of stay (days).

Results. The proportion of patients requiring acute care declined rapidly from presentation (84.5%) to the fifth day of admission (60.9%). Patients admitted during weekends showed a higher rate of inappropriate stay on day 5 (P=0.04). The proportion of inappropriate admissions was higher for medical rather than surgical patients (P=0.07) at presentation and at day 5 (P < 0.01). Traditional social-demographic variables were not significant risk indicators for inappropriate admissions. The likelihood ratio for inappropriate admission at presentation was significantly higher for minor illnesses and disturbances (P=0.03).

Inappropriate stay on day 5 was significantly associated with lower cost (P < 0.01), lower mean DRG weight (P < 0.01) and shorter length of stay (P=0.05) for medical but not for surgical admissions.

Conclusions. Traditional epidemiological indicators are inadequate to target prospective concurrent reviews. Qualitative studies focusing on patient physician dialogue in different situations and contexts could widen our understanding of the problem and suggest new theoretical frameworks and theories to provide us with more detailed explanations.


Keywords


Appropriateness of care; concurrent review; indicators of inappropriate use; Emergency Departments; costs

Full Text:

PDF


NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aprex-8733

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2427/5982

References



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.