Citizens’ involvement in risk management: the view of community members


Abstract


Background: Industrial risk management plays a central role in creating supportive environments for health. This paper examines the community’s trust in citizens’ involvement in risk management, investigating differencesamong settings exposed to different levels of industrial risk. Additionally it aims to identify the social demographic characteristics of those manifesting high trust in citizens’ involvement in risk management.

Methods: The survey, performed in Sardinia between 2006 and 2007, was carried out in three representative areas this Region: a metropolitan area, an industrial area, and a rural area. A questionnaire was administered to 1,104 citizens to investigate community’s trust in citizens as “risk managers”.

Results: Trust in citizens’ involvement in risk management was expressed to a greater extent by residents in the rural area, by those with a high level of education, and by older women. The expression of high trust in citizens’ involvement was more likely in older higher-educated women (58-69%) than in lower educated ones (52-63%) and, to a lesserextent, in both genders with higher education (42-51%).

Conclusions: A consistent number of the community’s members would entrust citizens with risk management not only in areas with a severe industrial impact, but also in those areas where industrial risk is considered of limited entity. The community’s tendency towards citizens’ involvement in risk management appears to be an intrinsic trait of the community itself rather than an attitude triggered by a specific problem. Older women, and adults with higher education can be recognised as categories in which potential early adopters of risk management can be easily found. 


Keywords


Risk management; trust; socioeconomic context.

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NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aprex-8482

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2427/5696

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